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úfYaI;ajh jkafka Tyq weojegqfKa flfkla‌ f,fyisfhka weofkdjefgk" miq
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he Bogambara prison is no more

The government has decided to permanently close the country's oldest and the second largest prison established by the British colonial rulers in the 19th century.

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iS.sß .S ,shQ n;S ljqo@
Aug 01, 2018 10:39 am   Views: 67

iS.sß .S ,shQ n;S ljqo@


ta' tï' tia‌' hQ' r;akmd,
ud<s.dú, jevìu"
fudKrd., jHdmD;sh
uOHu ixia‌lD;sl wruqo,
sanjwakumara609@gmail.com


sigiri


iS.sß .f,a fnh`o mduq,ska Èjhk legm;a mjqr kñka m%lg mqrdKfha bÈl< iqúi,a ì;a;sfha we;=,a me;af;a m%Odk jYfhka iS.sß l=regq .S ,shd we;' iS.sßh l,d.drhla‌ l< ldYHm rcqf.a wejEfuka iS.sßh krUkakg meñKs ckhd úiska iS.sßh keröfuka ,o w;aoelSï legm;a mjqr u; l=regq .Ey' ia‌jNdj fi!kao¾h iS.sß is;=jï yd ;u fm!oa.,sl Ôjk w;aoelSï Tjqka ,shQ .Sj, m%Odk jia‌;= úIhka ù ;sfí' tl< ,dxlShhkaf.a wOHdmk ;;a;ajh fukau isxy, iudch ms<sn| yeoEÍug iS.sß .S ;rï ixkso¾Ykhla‌ ;j;a ke;' tlS iqúfYaIS;djhka lrK fldgf.k iS.sß .S iys; legm;a mjqr úúO m¾fhaIlhkaf.a m¾fhaIKd.drhla‌ njg m;a ù ;sfí' fuu ,smsfha § m<uqj iS.sß .S ,shEjqKq ld,h" m¾fhaIK b;sydih yd .Sj, wka;¾.;h ms<sn|j úuid ne,Sug kshñ; w;r wk;=rej iS.sß .S ,shQ mereKs ldka;djka ms<sn|j iS.sß .S weiqßka wOHhkh lsÍug kshñ;h'

iS.sß .S m¾fhaIK b;sydih iS.sß l=regq .S ms<sn|j uq,skau wjOdkh fhduq l< mqoa.,hd jkafka n%s;dkH cd;sl tÉ' iS' mS' fn,a uy;dh' kQ;k f,dalhg iS.sßh lgq fldfyd,a yrjd újD; lrkafka fn,a uy;d jk w;r t;=ud iS.sßfha wfkl=;a mqrdúoHd lghq;= fufyhjñkau l=regq .S ms<sn|j o wOHhkh lf<ah' fï ms<sn|j l%s' j' 1905 Tyqf.a mqrdúoHd md,k jd¾;dj, i|yka fldg we;' tys i|yka jk mßÈ mjqre ì;a;sfha ola‌kg ,enqKq .S 10 la‌ lshjd mßj¾;kh fldg Tyq úiska bÈßm;a fldg ;sfí' fn,a uy;df.ka miqj Tyqf.a iyhlhka jQ fcdaka ia‌à,a iy B' wd¾' wh¾gka iS.sß l=regq .S wOHhkhg Wkkaÿjla‌ oela‌jqj o fofokdf.ka ljfrl=gj;a l=regq .S lshEùug fkdyels úh'

iS.sß l=regq .S jeä m%udKhla‌ lshEùu;a tajdg ksjerÈ w¾:l;k iemhSu;a ms<sn|j f.!rjh ysñjkafka uye`ÿre fikr;a mrKú;dkhkag h' ish Ôú;fha jeä ld,hla‌ .; lf<a iS.sßfha njg t;=udf.au jd¾;dj, i|yka fldg we;s w;r t;=ud iS.sß .S m¾fhaIK i|yd uq,a jrg iïnkaO jkafka l%s' j' 1928 § h' isxy, NdIdfõ ft;sydisl úldYkh ms<sn|j wjfndaOhla‌ ,nd .ekSug l=regq .S Wmfhda.S fj;ehs is;+ t;=ud tajd lshEùug buy;a Wkkaÿjla‌ ola‌jd we;' t;=udf.a m¾fhaIKj,g ,la‌ jQ we;eï .S ia‌jdNdúl fya;= u; úkdYhg m;a fjñka ;sìKs' tu ÿIalr;djka ch.ksñka mrKú;dk uy;d fndfyda lemùulska iS.sß l=regq .S 685 la‌ lshjd tajd we;=<;a fldg Sigiri Griffiti kñka fjdaMï follska hq;a .%ka:hla‌ m< lf<ah' bka t;=ud ,enQ i;=g ,uq,skau l=regq .S ishhla‌ lshjkakg ;snQ wfmala‍Idj oeka l=regq .S y;aish .Kkla‌ lshEùfuka iïmQ¾K ù ;sfí, hkqfjka jpk j,g fmr<d ;sfí' ^mrKú;dk 2000" 16 msgqj& mrKú;dk uy;df.a m¾fhaIK iS.sß .S f,dal wjOdkhg ,la‌ ùug fya;= jQ m%Odk lreKla‌ úh' t;=udf.a wOHhkhka wdY%h fldgf.k úúO m¾fhaIK yd .%ka: isÿ l< wh w;r kkaofiak uqÈhkafia yd fla' ch;s,l jeks úoaj;=ka m%Odk ;ekla‌ .kS'

uE; hq.fha tjeks id¾:l m¾fhaIKhla‌ isÿ lf<a wdpd¾h fnks,a m%shxlr uy;d úisks' t;=ud fn,a uy;d úiska lshEjQ l=regq .S kej; lshjd jvd;a úia‌;r iys;j bÈßm;a lf<ah' t;=ud úiska Th Sttlmnt Archaology Of Sigiriya Dambulla Rgion kï .%ka:fha m<uqjk ldKa‌vhg l=regq .S 53 la‌ o tys fo jk ldKa‌vhg l=regq .S 97 la‌ o we;=<;a fldg m%ldYhg m;a lr ;sfí' b;d uE; ld,fha o ;j;a kj l=regq .S lsysmhla‌ t;=ud úiska lshjd we;'

ld,h

oekg isÿ lr we;s .fõIK yd le”ï wkqj iS.sßfha b;sydih m%d.a ft;sydisl hq.h ola‌jd wE;g Èj hhs' kuq;a iS.sßh ms<sn|j ft;sydisl uQ,dY%hka ys i|yka jkafka ldIHm rcqf.ka ^l%s' j' 475 - 497& miqjh' Tyq ;u mshd jk Od;=fiak rc;=udj ^l%s' j' 459 - 475& >d;kh lsÍfuka wk;=rej iS.sßh wdY%s;j n,fldgqjla‌ ;kdf.k tys úiQ nj jxYl;dj, i|yka fõ' ,liqí kï ta rc f;fï'' ñksiqka úiska kex. fkdfyk ta ^mõj& isidrd iqoaO lrjd" mõfrlska msßflõ fldg tys ysKs f.j,a isxyhska n÷ fldg lrùh' tfyhska iS.sß kï ù'' tys oel=ï lghq;= is;a lÆ ,rc f.hla‌ fofjks w,õuodjla‌ fia fldg fjiuqKq uy rc yq fihska tys úiSh'', ^uydjxYh" 39 mß^" 1 - 5 fm<&

kuq;a iS.sß .S ,shEfjkafka ldIHm rcqf.a ld,fhka miqj tu ia‌:dkh n,kakg wd msßia‌ úiska njhs m¾fhaIlhkaf.a woyijkafka' iS.sß .S ,shd ;sfnk ld, jljdkqj ms<sn|j woyia‌ ola‌jk fikr;a mrKú;dk iQÍka l%s' j' 7 jeks ishjfia isg l%s' j' 13 jeks ishji ola‌jd w;r ld,fha fïjd ,shd we;s nj m%ldY lrhs'

iS.sß l=regq .S j, jia‌;= úIh

iS.sß .S ,shQjka w;r rdclShhka" rdcH ks<OdÍka" m%dfoaYSh md,lhka" ldka;djka" ffjoHjreka" .=rejreka" fjf<÷ka" hqO fin¿ka" idudkH ckhd yd Nsla‍IQka o fjhs' ,umreu .S, ^143& hkqfjka i`oyka .Sfhka rc flfkl= .ek i`oykaj we;' wxl 667 .SSfhys m<uq jk Woh rcqf.a kduh we;=<;a nj úoaj;=ka mjihs' óg wu;rj ßhkao, ^463& fyj;a yF:odG rcq úiska ,shk ,o .Shla‌ yd ñyso,a odmq," lin,a w.a.fndaê wd§ l=udrjre ,shk ,o .S o y÷kd.; yelsh' mia‌jk ldIHm rcqf.a ìijla‌ jk ix>d ^504& keue;a;sh ,shk ,o .Shla‌ o fõ' hyk f.dõ ^iS' 173&" odi wêldÍ ^652& kshï fcgq ^49& mila‌leñ ^315& T,a leñ ^375& rdcfpoaok ^522& mhuq,af,hsore ^119$320& wrlf,a ^151& le;sß ^557& jdi, wdrla‍Il ^12& udveì ^221& fmdh,a hqo fikú ^iS' 74&" ls;a fikúr÷ka ^iS' 168& wd§ rdcH fiajlhka o fjkc ls;Æ ^iS' 203& wd§ fjf<kaoka o lKa‌Kd ^iS' 99&" jðrd ^iS' 149& jeks ldka;djka o lr,akd msßfjka jeis isßkd ysñ ^iS' 130& we;=¿ meúoaoka o .S ,shQjka w;r fõ'

idudkH ckhd ia‌jlSh iqmqreÿ Ôjk jD;a;Skays kshEf<k w;r jdrfha úfõlh msKsi iS.sßh krUkakg meñfKkakg we;' Tjqka ;uka tÈfkod Ôú;fha§ w;aú¢ lDIsld¾ñl w;aoelSï lú is;=ú,s ;=< uqodyer ;sfí' ta wkqj flduq,a wuâ f,ä ,skiS'' ^105& jeÜ‌fld,a u,a fihs'' ^334& hk .S moj, tk flduvq" jegfldÆ wdÈh m,;=re yd t<j¿ jYfhka tl< j.dlrkakg we;ehs is;sh yelsh'

iS.sß moHh .S úß;g muKla‌ iSud ù ke;' tys t<siu moHhkqÿ we;s nj fmfka' ^Oïudkkao ysñ" 5 msgq& hd.S" lõ.S" ÿj`..S" fhdka.S wd§ úß;aj,ska n|kd ,o .S iS.sß moHj, oel.; yelsh' tfiau iuqÿref.dia‌ jeks úß;aj,ska iqieÈ moH tys ola‌kg ,efí' tfiau fndfydA .S ,shd we;af;a uOHld,Sk isxyf,ks' ixia‌lD; NdIdfjka ,shQ lúhla‌ yd fou< niska ,shQ lúhla‌ o y÷kdf.k ;sfí'

iS.sßh wdY%s; ia‌jNdj fi!kao¾h fukau úfYaIfhka iS.sßfha fnhfoys we| we;s ,<kdjka ms<sn|j ,shQ .S tu mjqfrys we;' is;=jï fldg we;s iS.sß <÷ka ms<sn| .=K j¾Kkd lr ;sfnk .S jeä jYfhka ola‌kg ,efí' tu is;=jïj, ksrEms; ldka;djkaf.a rej - .=K j¾Kkd lrkakg .S ;=<ska W;aidy ord we;' fuys§ úfYaIfhka wm wjOdkh fhduq lrkafka iS.sß .S w;r we;s ldka;djka úiska ,shk ,o .S ms<sn|jhs'

iS.sß .S ,shQ mereKs ldka;dfjda

fmrÈ. YsIagdpdrfha wdrïNl wjêfhys tkï bkaÿ ksïk YsIagdpdrfhys ud;D uQ,sl iudc ;;a;ajhla‌ mej;s njg mqrdúoHd;aul idOl yuqj ;sfí' kuq;a Ndr;Sh R.a - ffjÈl hq.h jk úg ldka;djg ysñj ;snQ wd.ñl" fukau iudÔh ms<s.ekSu flfuka ÿ¾j, fjñka mej;=Ks' n%dyauKsl b.ekaùï Bg wkqn, ÿkay' ia‌;%Sh pm," úYajdi l< fkdyels" rdla‍Ishla‌ n÷ ;eke;a;shla‌ nj Tjqka b.ekajQy' Y%S ,dxlSh iudch tlS Ndr;Sh n%dyauK b.ekaùï oeäj .%yKh lr.;a njla‌ ola‌kg fkd,efnk w;r nqÿoyu y÷kajd§fuka wk;=rej furg ia‌;%Shg iudcfha ,eìh hq;= ksis ;ek ,eìKs' ÈhKshla‌" ìß|la‌" ujla‌ jYfhka fukau Wmdisldjla‌" Nsla‌IqKshla‌ jYfhka o ldka;djg ms<s.;a iudÔh ;;a;ajhla‌ mej;s nj fmfka' by; lreKq ikd: flfrk jeo.;a idOl /ila‌ w;ßka iS.sß .S m%Odkh' ta wkqj rcrg ixia‌lD;sfhys ldka;djf.a iudc ;;a;ajh yd iudc odhl;ajh ms<sn|j wjfndaOhla‌ ,nd.; yels levm;la‌ jYfhka iS.sß .S fmkajd Èh yelsh'

ldka;djka úiska ,shQ .S kjhla‌ fï jk úg y÷kdf.k we;s nj iS.sß l=regq .S ms<sn| m¾fhaIK l< W.;=ka fmkajd fohs' tu .S ,shQ kj fokdf.ka y;a fokl=u ;ukaj y÷kajd we;af;a ìß|la‌ f,ih' ta nj 247" 504" fukau 681 wd§ iS.sß .S j,ska meyeÈ,s fõ'

fuys wnq" wïnq" wnqhq hk jpk j,ska ìß|" wUqj w¾:j;a jk w;r úfYaIfhka Tjqka ia‌jdñ mqreIhkaf.a kï m<uqj i|yka fldg wk;=rej ;uka Tyqf.a ìß| nj i|yka lr;s' fï uÛska tl, újdy jQ ldka;djla‌ ;u ia‌jdñhdg oela‌jQ ia‌jdñ Nla‌;sh yd wehg Wreuj ;snQ újdy Ôú;fha ia‌jNdjh y÷kd.; yelsh' óg wu;rj isxy, ldka;djf.a idïm%odhsl l=, isß;a o fuhska m%lg fõ'

iS.sß .S rpkd l< ldka;djkaf.ka jeä msßila‌ Wiia‌ iudc uÜ‌gïj, Ôj;a jQ wh nj is;sh yelsh' ta nj uydud;Hjrhl=f.a ìß|la‌ úiska rpkd lr we;s .Sfhka o ,wd¾hdj, kï wNsOdkh fyn jQ ldka;djla‌ úiska ,shQ .Sfhka o" ,iy,a, kï /ðklf.a jxYfhka mej; tk mqreIhl=f.a Nd¾hdjla‌ úiska ,shQ .Sfhka o ;yjqre fõ' ldka;djka úiska ,shkakg we;ehs ie<flk we;eï l=regq .Shl ,n;S, hk wNsOdkh o we;=<;a fõ' fndfyda úg tl< mqreIhka o fuu wNsOdkh nyq,j Ndú;d lr ;sfnk neúka we;eï .S; rpkd lf<a msßñfhla‌ o .eyeKshla‌o hkak mjd ;SrKh lsÍu wmyiqh'

72 iS.sß .Sfhys iS.sßh ke. fï foa isyslr .Shla‌ ,shk ,fuud n;S fjñ ckhkaf.a fk; is; meyer .kakd ldka;djkag .Shla‌ ke;, hkqfjka ola‌jd we;' ^uu& n;S fjñ ^fuh uf.a& .Shhs' ,fnhfoys l;=kaf.a isßnßka o kqjka keu;s ñKsfhka ksl=;a fidaNdj weh wNshi .eiQ fyhska o wÛkla‌ fuh ,Sjdh, hkafkka 87 jeks .Sh ,shQ ldka;dj ;uka wÛkla‌ nj y÷kajd foñka ,n;S, hk wNsOdkh Ndú;d lr we;af;a weh ;u wkkH;djh ksrjq,aj bÈßm;a lsÍfï wruqKska úh yelsh' flfia fj;;a fuu wNsOdkh tl< iudcfha m%OdkSka ye¢kaùu i|yd Ndú;d lr ;sfnk nj W.;=kaf.a u;h jk w;r tfia kï iudcfha m%Odk;ajhla‌ ldka;djo ksfhdackh l< nj fuu .S j,ska ;yjqre fõ'

iS.sß .S ,shQ

idudkH .eñ ldka;djka f,i y÷kd.; yels fofofkla‌ o iS.sß .S ,shd ;sfnk nj wNsOdkhla‌ fyda tjeks úfYaI ye¢kaùula‌ fkdue;s .S; follska ;yjqre fõ' 99 iS.sß .Shg wkqj lKa‌Kd keue;a;sh tys fufia ,shd ;sfí' ixidrh ldka;drhla‌ nj" ñksi;anj ÿ¾,N jk nj hk lsisjla‌ fkdokakjqka isá;s' urKhg weÆï fkdjkak' lKa‌Kd keue;a;sh jk uu fuh ,Sñ, hkqfjks' ;,,af,a Oïudkkao ysñhka mjikafka fuu .Sh ,shQ ldka;dj m%;sNd mQ¾K lsú¢hl úh yels njhs' lúfha i|yka mßÈ f,dj h:d¾:h uekúka újrKh l< yela‌fla máNdk Yla‌;shla‌ we;s tjeks lúhl=g nj Wkajykafia ;jÿrg;a fmkajd fohs' fulS idOlj,ska wkdjrKh jk ;j;a lreKla‌ jkafka tl< ldka;djf.a wOHdmk ;;a;ajh hï uÜ‌gul ;snQ njhs' Nsla‌IQka úydrdrdu wdY%s;j .sys msßñ mla‌Ihg yd Nsla‌Iq”ka .sys ldka;d md¾Yajhg wOHdmkh ,nd ÿka njg idOl yuqfõ' wd.u weiqf¾ ,o Ôú;djfndaOh;a" W.;a" ola‌I we÷rka wdY%fhka ,enQ ldjHlrK mßph;a by; oela‌jQ m%;sNdmQ¾K lsú¢hka tl< ìys ùug fya;=jQjd hEhs is;sh yelsh'

;j;a tla‌ iS.sß .Shl is;=jï krUd weh ;ud ;=< we;s jQ ye.Sï úia‌;r lrkafka ldka;djkaf.a ia‌jdñ Nla‌;sh o isysm;a lrñks' weh ksß÷ ysñhkaf.ka úfhda jQ fyhska fnhfoys rkajkqka fYdalfhka ñhhkafkñhs lshñka ., uqÿkska mkskakg ierfik nj W;=¾f.a Nd¾hdj jQ isõl,, kï ldka;dj lshhs' tys § tu ldka;dj iS.sß w.kqka wduka;%Kh lr we;af;a fødayS l;=ks, hkqfjks' we;eï úg fuu woyi wehg tkakg we;af;a iS.sß ldYHm rc;=udf.a úkdYhg wka;^mqr ia‌;%Ska fya;= jQjd hEhs tl<o hï iudc u;hla‌ ;snQ ksid úh yelsh' ;jo foajdkï lsú¢hl úiska ,shQ lúhl iS.sß <÷ka ye¢kaùu i|yd ,fim;, yd fij;l, wd§ kï Ndú;d lr ;sfí' tu jpk ixia‌lD; NdIdfjka im;aks fyj;a iyldr wUqj f,i w¾: ola‌jd ;sfí'

iS.sßh fufia rcrg YsIagdpdrfha uOHld,Sk iudch ;=< ldka;djf.a woyia‌" Woyia‌" wej;=ï" mej;=ï fukau ldka;djf.a fm!oa.,sl yd fmdÿ w.hka o iS.sß .S wOHkh ;=<ska y÷kd.; yelsh' tl< ldka;dj idïm%odhsl l=, isß;a w.h lr ;sfí' wNsOdkhla‌ iys;j iudc m%NQ;ajhla‌ Wiq,d ;sfí' fn!oaO wdrdñl uOHia‌:dk yryd wOHdmksl oekqfuka o fmdfydi;a jQy' ta wkqj iS.sß .S weiqßka tl< ldka;djg ysñj ;snQ wd.ñl" idudðl" ixia‌lD;sl ksoyi ukdj m%o¾Ykh fõ'

wdY%s; .%ka:

wurisxy" ud,sx.' iS.sßh f,dal Wreuhl j.;=." ohdjxY chfldä iy iud.u" fld<U" 2005'

.=Kj¾Ok" m%sYdka;' iS.sßh wdrdñl mqrdúoHdj" l;D m%ldYk" fld<U' 1998'

ch;s,l" fla' iS.sß .S" ixia‌lD;sl lghq;= fomd¾;fïka;=j" fld<U' 1996'

ch;s,l" fla' iS.sß .S ks¾udK" m%§m m%ldYlfhda" fld<U' 1996'

Oïudkkao ysñ" ;,,af,a' iS.sß moH" wNh m%ldYlfhda" fld<U' 1983'

uqÈhkafia" kkaofiak' iS.sß .S m%:u Nd.h" iS$i weï' ã' .=Kfiak iy iud.u" fld<U' 1963'

uqÈhkafia" kkaofiak' iS.sß .S oaú;Sh Nd.h" iS$i weï' ã' .=Kfiak iy iud.u" fld<U' 1963'

f,dl=nKa‌vdr" ú' c' uq' iS.sß .S isß" weia‌' f.dvf.a iy ifydaorfhda" fld<U' 2004'

wdY%s; ,sms f,aLk

wurisxy" ud,sx.' mrKú;dk yd iS.sßh" ixia‌lD;sl mqrdKh" 1992" Tla‌f;daïn¾ - foieïn¾ l,dmh" ms' 28" uOHu ixia‌lD;sl wruqo,'

ìkr.u" ohdkkao' iS.sß legm;a mjqf¾ l=regq .E Ñ;%" ixia‌lD;sl mqrdKh" 1993" cQ,s - foieïn¾" 1 fjdaMu" 7 l,dmh" uOHu ixia‌lD;sl wruqo,'

rKje,a," isßu,a' iS.sß m%foaYfhka yuq ù we;s Ys,d f,aLk" ixia‌lD;sl mqrdKh" 1992" cQ,s - iema;eïn¾ l,dmh" uOHu ixia‌lD;sl wruqo,'

rKisxy" iqñ;a' ie`.jqKq Wreuh fy<s lrk iS.sß legm;a mjqr" fl!;=ld.dr" 6 jeks l,dmh" 2000" cd;sl fl!;=ld.dr fomd¾;fïka;=j" fld<U'

Survy of Cylon" Annual Rport Archaological" 1905'

Paranavithana'S"Sigiri Griffiti"Vol 1 and Vol 11"Govrnmnt Of Cylon"1956'

Th Sttlmnt Archaologi Of th Sigiriya Dambulla Rgion Th Post Gradu at Institut of Archaologycol"1990