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úoHd .=rejrhl= jk hQ' mS' l=,;s,l uy;d 1969 ñksid y|g .sh jif¾" óg jir 50 lg fmr oji mqj;am;a


Jul 22, 2019 12:01 pm    Views: 72

y|g jhi ì,shk 50hs'''` y| .ukg wjqreÿ 50hs i| .ukg .sh úhou remsh,a fldaá 19200hs''''`



hQ' mS' l=,;s,l

úoHd .=rejrhl= jk hQ' mS' l=,;s,l uy;d 1969 ñksid y|g .sh jif¾" óg jir 50 lg fmr oji mqj;am;a wdh;kfha udOHfõÈhl= f,i fiajh l< wfhls' tiufha wNHdjldY úoHdj yd pkao% .uk .ek ks;r wOHhkh lrñka mqj;am;aj,g ,sms iemhQ f,aLlfhls' 1969 isg fï olajd ñksid úiska isÿ lrk wNHjldY úoHd ch.‍%yK .ek f;dr;=re wOHkhl fhÿKq wfhls' 1970 jif¾ ñksid pkao%hd ;rK lr jir 1 la msÍu ksñ;af;ka meje;s iuia; ,xld rpkd ;r.fha§ ^ud;Dldj" wNHdjldY ;rKfha wkd.;h& fudyq ch.‍%yKh ,nd we;'




1969 jir jkúg wo fuka f,dj mß.Kl úoHdj" wka;¾ cd,h" rEmjdysksh yd .=jka úÿ,sh" ÿria: md,k C%u" iaudÜ ÿrl:k" frdlÜ" wNHdjldY hdkd" .=jkahdkd ;dla‍IKh" ffjoH úoHdj" ;drld úoHdj yd ld,.=K úoHdjg wod< WmlrK wdÈfha tmuK ÈhqKqjla fkd;sìKs' tod rEmjdysksh úldYkh jQfha ^l¨ iqÿ& weußldj" tx.,ka;h" Ökh" cmdkh jeks m‍%Odk rgj,a lsysmhl muKs' wm rfÜ tod ;snqfKa .=jka úÿ,sh muKs' wo fuka .=jka úÿ,s kd,sld rdYshla o fkd;sìKs' wm rfÜ ck;dj tod ñksidf.a i| .uk .ek m‍%jD;a;s oek .;af;a YS‍% ,xld .=jka úÿ,s fiajfha m<uq fiajfha iÔù úldYkh u.sks'

tu iÔù úldYkh isxy,g mßj¾;khla lr fufyhjk ,oafoa fcHIaG udOHfõ§ tÙúka wdßhodi" wdpd¾h B' ví,sõ' wêldrï" wOHdmk wud;HdxYfha m‍%Odk wOHdmk ks,OdÍ uyskao rKùr hk uy;=ka úisks' tod wm rfÜ .ul ;snqfKao .=jka úÿ,s hka;‍% lsysmhla muKs' kuq;a wm rfÜ ckhd f,dal ck;dj iu. tlaù ñksid i| ch .ekSfï tu ft;sydisl ch.‍%dyS wjia:djg ijka§ug yd keröug b;d Wkkaÿ jQy' fï iïnkaO m‍%jD;a;s m<jQ mqj;am;a ñ,§ .ekSug fmdr lEy' tod ;snqfKa" is¿ñK" ßúÈk" oji" ÈkñK" ,xld§m mqj;am;a muKs'

ÈkñK mqj;am;l ñ, Y; 20 ls'

tiufha mqj;am;aj,g ,sms iemhQ f,aLlhka" tÙúka wdßhodi" wdpd¾h B' ví,sõ' wêldrï" hQ' ü' Èidr;ak" lS¾;s wfífialr" wkqr iS' fmf¾rd" kkaoisß o w,aúia" O¾ufiak je,s.uf.a" tÉ' fla' mSßia" wef,dhs fmf¾rd" foaj himd, o is,ajd" hQ' mS' l=,;s,l úisjk ishjfia udkj ixy;sh ,;a úYsIag;u ch.‍%yKhla isÿjQfha óg jir 50 lg fmr 1969 cq,s 21 od ñksid i| ;rKh lr pkao% hq.hla Wod lsÍu;a iu.h' wkdÈu;a ld,hla uq¿,af,a isÿ l< fkdfhl=;a úoHd;aul m¾fhaIKj, Wiia m‍%;sM,hla fia ie,lsh yels ñksid i| f,dj ch .ekSu jQ l,S úYajfha uyd ch.‍%yKhla f,i ie,lsh hq;=h' tu ksid jir 50 la msfrk ta b;sydi .; w;S; l;dj .ek j;auka mrmqr hula oek .ekSu jeo.;a fõ'

mD:súfha isg ie;mqï 240000 muK ÿr msysá pkao%hd ;rKh lsÍu i|yd wemf,da II wNHdjldY hdkfha ke.S hEu" w;s Nhxlr Ôú; wjodkulska hq;=j kS,a wdïiafg%dx.a" tÙúka T,aä‍%ka yd uhsl,a fld,ska ..K .dóka l< ùrúC%u .ek" f,dal ck;djf.a Wmydr mqo lf<a cd;s" wd.ï" j¾. jdohlska f;drj W;=ï udkj ohdjlska hq;=jh'

1969 cq,s 16 od furg fõ,dfjka fm'j' 9'32 g weußldfõ *af,dßvdfõ msysá flfkä wNHdjldY uOHia:dkfha iegßka 5 wNHdjldY frdfldÜgqj u.ska kS,a wdïiafg%daka.a" tÙúka T,aäßka" uhsl,a fld,ska /.;a wemf,da II wNHdjldY hdkh .=jka.; lrk ,§' iegßka 5 frdfldÜgqfõ Wi wä 363 nr fgdka 3100 ^1969 jkúg fuá‍%la tall Ndú;d fkdùh'&

1969 cq,s 21 od fm'j' 8'26 g kS,a wdïiafg%daka y| u;g f.dv nisk ,§' Bg úkdä 30 lg miq tÙúka T,aü‍%ka y| u;g f.dvnisk ,§' fï w;r pkao%hd jgd uõ hdkh uhsl,a fld,ska úiska Odjkh lrk ,§'

Bg miq i| ;rKh l< ..K.dóka i|;,fhka kslau pkao% hdkh ujq hdkhg iïnkaO lr kej; mD:súh lrd .uka flreKs' fï wkqj wemf,da II hdkh i| .uk ksudlr 1969 - 07 - 24 Èk rd;S‍% 10 - 19 g Ydka;slr id.rhg kej; m;s; úh' ch.‍%dyS ..K.dóka ;sfokd fya¾kÜ kej u.ska fy<sfldmag¾ hdkd fhdojd wdrla‍IdldÍ f,i yqiagka wNHjldY m¾fhaIK uOHia:dkh lrd f.k tk ,§' fï wNsudkj;a i| .uk tod tmuK myiq ld¾hhla fkdùh' fï wkqj wyia .ufka wdrïNfha isg pkao% hq.h Wodùu olajd fláfhka hula i|yka lsÍu jeo.;a fõ'

pkao% hq.hla Wodlr i|g md ;enQ b;sydi.; ñksid" ..K.dó kS,a wdïiafg%dx.a il, udkj j¾.hd fjkqfjka if|a isg uq,ajrg mjid isáfha ‘‘fuh ñksil= ;enQ tla mshjrla muKs' tfy;a ukqIH j¾.hd fjkqfjka mekak fhdaO msïuls hkqfjka ft;sydisl i;H;djla m‍%ldY lf<ah' ta w;r weußldkq ckdêm;s ßp¾Ù kslaika ÿrl:kfhka i| .dókag iqN me;Sh'

wNHjldY .ufka b;sydih

mqrdK b;sydifha i|yka jk mßÈ rdjKd rcq oji oඬq fudKr hka;‍%h wyia .uka i|yd fhdodf.k we;'

kuq;a j¾;udk ñksidg wyiska hEfï isyskh ienE jQfha 1903 § weußlka cd;sl rhsÜ ifydaorhka úiska .=jka hdkh ksmoùfuka miqjh'

1926 ud¾;= 16 od weußlka cd;sl frdnÜ tÉ' f.dÙia úiska m<uqjrg frdlÜgqjla idod wä 184 la Wvg hjk ,§' tys fõ.h mehg ie;mqï 60 ls'

Bg miq 1942 § f,dal hqo iufha hqo wúhla f,i ú 2 kñka frdfldÜgqjla ksmojk ,oafoa c¾uka cd;sl úoHd{hl= jQ fvdÍka n¾.¾ úisks'


Bg miq frdlÜ ksmoùfï uQ,O¾uh Wmfhda.S lrf.k 1957 Tlaf;dan¾ 4 od reishdj úiska iamqÜksla 1 pkao%sldj .=jka .; lrk ,È' tys nr rd;a;,a 184 ls' ^rd;a;,a 1} .‍%Eï 450& úYalïNh w.,a 23 ls' fõ.h mehg ie;mqï 18000 ls' md:súhg ie;mqï 500 by<ska" úkdä 95 lg mD:súh jgd tlajrla N‍%uKh fjñka i;s 2 la ls‍%hd;aul fjñka ;sìKs'

Bg miq reishdj úiska iamqÜksla 2 pkao%sldj u.ska ,hsld kï iqkLhd iu. wyia .; lrk ,§' i;a;ajhl= m<uqjrg tfia .=jka .; lrk ,§'

1958 § weußldj úiska m<uqjrg tlaia maf,drB pkao%sldj lekj¾,a ;=vqfjka ^j¾;udkfha flfkä ;=vqfjka& .=jka .; lrk ,§'

Bg miq 1958 ud¾;= 17 od weußldj úiska jEka .dÙ 1 pkaÈldj .=jka .; lrk ,È' fï u.ska mD:súh jgd úoHq;a lsrK l,dmhla we;s nj fidhd.kakd ,§'

ñksidf.a m<uq wNHjldY .uk

1961 wfma‍%,a 12 od reishdj úiska fjdIafgdla 1 wNHjldY hdkh u.ska ..K.dó hQÍ ..dÍka .=jka .; lrk ,È' fuh ñksil=f.a m<uq wNHdldY .uk f,i b;sydihg tlaúh'

Bg miq 1961 uehs 5 od weußldj úiska m<uqjrg mS‍%vï 7 wNHdldY hdkh u.ska we,ka î' fIm¾Ù ..K.dñhd .=jka .; lrk ,§'

1962 - 02 - 20 Èk weußldj úiska fm%kaÙIsma 7 hdkh ..k.dó fcdaka tä .af,ka iu. hjk ,§' fuh mD:súh jgd wNHjldYfha 3 jrla N‍%uKh úh'

1963 cqks 16 od reishka cd;sl ..K.dñhljQ je,ka;skd f;riafldajd ldka;djla f,i m<uqjrg fjdiafgdla 6 hdkfhka wNHjldY .;lr fmdf<dj jgd wNHjldYfha 48 jrla .uka lr b;sydi.; jQjdh'

Bg miq 1965 ud¾;= udifha reishka cd;sl wef,lais ,sfhdfkdaä" fjdfIÙ 2 hdkfhka wNHjldYfha msg;g meñK úkdä 10 m<uqjrg ilaj< weúo jd¾;d .; úh' Bg miq 1965 cqks udifha weußlka cd;sl tÙukaÙ jhsÜ fcñks 4 hdkfhka msg;g meñK úkdä 22 ilaj< weúo jd¾;djla ;eîh'

fuiufha weußldfõ ckdêm;s fcdaka t*a' flkä yd reishdkq ckdêm;s lDfIdma w;r ;u rgj, kùk úoHd;aul ;dla‍IK wNsudkh n, wr.,hla f,i fmkajñka ;r.hlg fuka weußldj yd reishdj wNHdjldY hdkd wyia.; lf<a úúO wNsfhda.j,g uqyqK foñks' fuu ;r.ldÍ iajNdjh ñkssid i| ch .ekSu blauka lsÍug fya;= úh'

fï wdldrhg reishdj úiska 1957 isg 1969 olajd iqkLhka" ÑïmkaiSka" leianEjka" j÷rka wd§ i;=ka wNHdjldY hdkd u.ska Wvq.=jkg hjd Ôúhl=g iqÿiq wNHjldY hdkd ksmoùug m¾fhaIK lf<ah'

fï wkqj 1961 isg 1969 olajd reishdj fjdiafgdla j¾.fha hdkd 6 lska" fjdfmdõ hdk 2 lska fidhqia hdkd ;=klska ..K.dóka 16 l= wNHdjldY .; lr we;' ^iuyr hdkdj, ..K.dóka 2 l=" 3 l= ne.skao hjd we;'&

weußldj 1961 isg 1969 olajd ms‍%vï 7 ,sn¾Üne,a 7" fm%kaIsma 7 wjqfrdard 7 is.aud 7 fmaka 7 fcñks 3 fcñks 4 isg 12 olajd' wemf,da 7" 8" 9" 10" 11 u.ska ..K.dóka 41 l= wNHjldY .; lr we;'

fï wkqj 1957 isg 1969 olajd ñksfil= y|g heùfï wmßñ; úoHd;aul ld¾hNdrh" mshjfrka mshjr hjk ,o ÈhqKq l< wNHdjldY hdkd u.ska b,lal bgq flreKs' fï wkqj mD:sú wdl¾IKfhka ñ§ wNHdjldYfha .ukalr pkao% wdl¾IKhg wNHdjldY hdkhla fhduq lsÍu" i| u;g hdkhla f.dvneiaiùu Bgmiq tu hdkh pkao%hdf.ka ñ§ mD:súh lrd .uka .;ùu wd§ úúO w;ayod ne,Sï fï wkqj isÿ flreKs' fï wkqj úúO wxYj, úoHd{hka yd ;dla‍IKsl Ys,amSkaf.a yd ..K.dóka ,la‍I .Kklf.a tluq;=fjka ;ekqKq .cuq;=jla f,i ñksid i| ch .ekSu ye¢kaùug yelsh' w;s oejeka; ld¾hNdrhla fuf,i bgq lr we;' tfiau 100] ls‍%hd;aul ;;a;ajfha frdlÜgqj we;=¿ iEu WmlrKhlu ;sìh hq;=h' tfiau tu WmlrKj, ish¨u iaúÉ ls‍%hd;aul lsÍfï 100] l yelshdj yd ola‍I;djh ..K.dñka i;= úh hq;=h' kuq;a tod wo fuka mß.Kl" ÿria:md,l" rEmjdysksh" ÿrl;k wNHdjldY yd .=jka hdkd ;dla‍IKh" ffjoH úoHdj ÈhqKq ;;a;ajhl fkd;sìKs'

..K.dñhl= i;= kdhl;ajh yd fm!reI;ajh

fï .ek wOHkh lsÍu j;auka mrmqrg b;d jeo.;a fõ'

fuh idudkH kdhl;ajh yd fm!reI;ajh wNsnjd bÈßhg .sh W;=ï ukqIH wd;au Ndjhls' lrk foa lshk" lshkfoa lrk tä;r wd;au úYajdihla we;s wjxl is;=ú,s iys; ls‍%hdldÍ ñksfils' ksfrda.slu ;sìh hq;=hs' fï wkqj ..K.dñhl= ;=< " kHdhl yd m‍%dfhda.sl mqyqKqj" bjiSu" tä;rlu ls‍%hdYs,SNdjh" ijka§u" wNsfhda. ch .ekSu ie,iqïlrKh md,l ueÈßh iu. we;s ukd iïnkaO;djh" wNHjldY hdkfha iEu fldgilau ls‍%hdldÍ;ajh ks;r mÍla‍Id lsÍu yd ta ms<sn| wjfndaOh" mqyqKqj" we;eï fldgia ls‍%hdúrys; jqjfyd;a B<Ûg .; hq;= la‍IKsl mshjrhka .ek we;s yelshdjla" ola‍I;djh ;sìh hq;=h' fï wkqj 100] j.lSu oeÍug yd ls‍%hd l< yels ta .ek oekqu yd mqyqKqj we;s whl= ..K.dñhl= úh yelsh' ^fndrej" w,a,i" n, f,daNh jeks udkj ;sßika .;s lsisúg ke;s W;a;u mqreIfhls'& ;jo fmr mqyqKqùïj,ska ,nk w;aoelSuo ..K.dñhl=f.a ch.‍%yKhg fya;=fõ' Ôú;hg mrÿjg ;nd lrk lem lsÍuls'



fï wkqj kS,a wdïiafg%daka.a 1966 ud¾;= 16 od fcñks 8 hdkfhka o 1966 cq,s 18 od uhsl,a flda,ska fcñks 10 hdkfhkao" 1966 fkd 11 od tÙúka T,aäka fcñks 12 hdkfhkao wNHdjldY .;ù uq,ska m‍%dfhda.sl mqyqKqjla" .eg¨ wOHkhla yd w;aoelSï iuqodhla ,nd ;sìKs' ks,a wdïiafg%dx.a 1962 § welaia 15 kue;s frdlÜ .=jka hdkh u.skaa mD:súfha isg ie;mqï 45 by<g wNHdjldY" mD:sú wdl¾IKh wNsnjd" Yíofha fõ.h fuka 5 .=Khlska frdlÜgqj Odjkh lr m‍%dfhda.sl mqyqKqjlao ,ndf.k ;sìKs'

wemf,da II i|.dóka

fï wkqj wemf,da II hdkh u.ska i| ;rKh lsÍug iqÿiq ..K.dóka ;sfokd yqiagka wNHdjldY uOHia:dkfha úfYaI iïuqL mÍla‍IK uKav,hla u.ska f;dard .kakd ,§' tu ..K.dó ;sfokdf.a f;dr;=re o oek .ekSuo jeo.;a fõ'

ks,a wdïiafg%dx.a

1930 wf.daia;= 5 Èk weußldfõ Tydfhdays msysá pemafldfkgd .ïudkfha Wm; ,eîh' ..K bxðfkare úoHdj ms<sn| Wmdêh mdÿjd úYajúoHd,fhka ,nd.;af;ah' ijqka lefrd,skd úYajúoHd,fhka ta ms<sn| mYapd;a Wmdêh ,nd .;af;ah' 1949 - 1952 weußldkq yuqodfõ m‍%ydrl .=jka kshuqjrhl= yd mqyqKqlrejl= f,i fiajh lr we;' bkamiq iskaisfkaÜ úYajúoHd,fha uydpd¾hjrhl= f,i fiajh lf<ah' 1962 § yqiagka wNHdjldY uOHia:dkfha ..K.dñhl= f,i mqyqKqj ,nd fcñks 8 wNHjldY hdkfha kshuqfjl= f,i fiajhg tlaúh' Wi wä 5 wÛ,a11 nr rd;a;,a 165 ls' ìß|f.a ku cekáh tßla yd udla hk mq;=ka fofokl=f.a msfhls'

tÙúka T,aÙßka

1930 ckjdß 26 od weußldfõ ksõc¾is ckmofha Wm; ,eîh' fldßhka hqo iufha weußlka .=jka yuqodjg ne÷fKah' 1963 jif¾ ueipqfiÜia úYajúoHd,fhka ..K úoHdj yd .=jka hdkd Ys,amh ms<sn| tï' tia' iS' Wmdêh ,nd ola‍I .=jka kshuqjl= njg m;a úh' 1963 § wcgdldY ..K.dñhl= f,i fcñks 12 hdkfha wyia .; úh' ìß| fïß laf,ardh' uhsl,a" ceksia yd wekavDD hk orejka 3 l=f.a msfhls'

* uhsl,a fld,ska

1930 Tlaf;dan¾ 31 od b;d,sfha frdau k.rfha§ Wm; ,enqfõh' Bg miq uj yd mshd iuÛ fjdIskagka k.rhg mÈxÑhg meñkqfKdah' fjdIskagka kqjr iekaÜ we,ankaia úoHd,fha uQ,sl wOHdmkh ,eîh' 1952 § fjiaÜ fmdhskaÜ hqo wNHdi úoHd,fhka î' tia' iS' Wmdêh ,nd .;af;ah' Bg miq weußldkq .=jka yuqodfõ .=jka kshuqjl= f,i fiajhg tla úh' fcñks 10 wNHjldY hdkfha kshuq f,i ls‍%hd lr we;' wdïiafg%dka yd ´,aä‍%ka pkao% hdkfhka i| u;g f.dvnisk úg pkao%hd jgd ujq hdkh ls‍%hd;aul lrkafka fudyqh' ìß| *eÜßIshd msfk.ka jkakSh' le;ßka" wEka yd uhsl,a hk orejka ;sfokdf.a mshdh'

* pkao% hq.fha mshd

c¾uka cd;sl j¾k¾ fjdaka n‍%jqka frdlÜ úi{fhls' fojeks f,dal ix.‍%dufha§ ryis.;j weußldjg meñK we;' weußldkq ryia T;a;= wxYh fjdaka n‍%jqkaf.a jákdlu y÷kdf.k we;' Bg miq weußlka .=jka yuqodfõ frdlÜ ksIamdok uOHia:dkfha fiajhg fhduq flf¾' frdlÜ ksIamdokh ms<sn| úúO m¾fhaIKj,g fhduq fjñka wNHjldY hdkd wyia.; lsÍfï frdlÜ ksmoùug fjdaka n‍%jqka ls‍%hd lf<ah' fï wkqj 1961 isg 1969 olajd weußldfõ flfkä ;=vqfjka .=jka.; lrk wNHjldY hdkd /.;a iEu frdfldÜgqjlau ks¾udKh lf<a j¾k¾ fjdaka n‍%jqka úisks' fudyq jirla mdid .=jka.; lrk wNHjldY hdkd frdfldÜgqj ks¾udKh lsÍfï§ uq,ska we;s jQ .eg¨ y÷kdf.k w¨;a ie,iqïj,g ,la lf<ah'

..k.dókag n,mdk .eg¨" .=jka.; lsÍfï§ we;sjk wjodkï ;;a;aj ^mqmqrd hEu& je<elaùu" ÿria: md,k u.ska wNHjldY hdkdj, ls‍%hdldÍ;ajh" frdlÜgqjg wjYH fõ.h bkaOk oykh u.ska ,nd§u" Wvq .=jfka§ wkjYH fldgia bj;a lsÍu" wjYH fldgia kej; iïnkaO lsÍu" wjYH wNHjldY .uka yudr lr ksremo%s;j mD:súhg meñKSu wd§ iuia; j.lSï iys; uq¿ frdfldÜgqfõ yd wNHjldY hdkdj, ks¾udKlre jQfha fjdaka n‍%jqkah' fudyq f,dj my< fkdjkakg pkao% hq.hla Wod fkdfjkq we;' fuys§ wemf,da "" ks¾udKh lsÍfï§" ..k.dókag wod< we÷ï ks¾udKh" ffjoH m¾fhaIKj,g wod< WmlrK hdkh ;=< iú lsÍu" úÿ,sh Ndú;h o%j Tlaiscka yd yhsv‍%cka frdlgqj ;=< ;ekam;a lsÍu" wêl ;dmhg yd m‍%idrKhg Tfrd;a;= fok wjYH >klulska hq;= f,day ksIamdokh wd§ oyia .Kklska hq;= úúO wxY iïnkaëlrKh lsÍu" md,l ueÈß ixlS¾Kh ;ekSu wd§ ld¾hhkaf.a m‍%Odk kshuqjrhd jQfha o fjdaka n‍%jqkah' tfiau ..k.dóka mqyqKq lsÍu" f;dard .ekSu" Wmfoia §u wdÈh lf<a o fjdaka n‍%jqkah' 1969 jir jkúg fudyqf.a jhi wjqreÿ 57 ls'

* wemf,da "" ..k.dókaf.a we÷ï

fuu tl ..k.dñhl=f.a we÷fï jákdlu fvd,¾ úis ,laIhls' ^furg uqo,ska remsh,a tlafldaá yeg ,laIhls'& ysfia isg m;=, olajd im;a;= fol" fy,augh" fy,augfha bÈßmi mdroDYH >klu ùÿrej iys;h' yf|a .uka lsÍfï§ ´ku me;a;lg keófï yelshdj YÍr wdjrK we÷u i;=h' we÷fï u;=msg ´kEu WIaK;ajhlg Tfrd;a;= fokq ,efí' we÷ï bÍulg ,lajqjfyd;a úkdä lsysmhl§ reêrh WKq ù ñh hEu isÿ fõ' w;ajeiqï ´kEu WIaK;ajhlg yd iS;,lg Tfrd;a;= fok we,a,Sug we;s yelshdjlska hqla;h' msfÜ Tlaiscka is,skavrhla yd c,h we;=<;a f,da.=jlska hqla;h' uq¿ we÷u mqrd YÍrfha isis, md,kh lsÍug b;d isyska j;=r ng cd,hla ^wä 100 muK È.& isyska k< jYfhka me;sr we;' fuh tx.,ka;fha ì‍%áIa md¾kanfrda tiageí,sIaukaÜ iud.u úiska ks¾udKh lrk ,§'

* i| .ukg .sh úhou

wemf,da úhou i|yd weußldkq rchg jeh ù we;s uqo, fvd,¾ fldaá 2400 hs oY ,laIhls' ^fuh furg uqo,ska remsh,a fldaá 19200 hs ,laI 80 ls& wemf,da hdkd 19 ;ekSu i|yd jeh jQ uqo, fvd,¾ 700 fldaáhls' th furg uqo,ska remsh,a fldaá 5607 ls' wemf,da "" hdkh ksmoùug jehjQ uqo, remsh,a fldaá 300 ls' ieg¾ka 5 frdfldÜgqj ;ekSug jeh jQ uqo, ^fldgia 27 lska hqla;& fvd,¾ fldaá 800 ls' ^fuh furg uqo,ska remsh,a fldaá 6250 ls'&

wemf,da "" i| ;rKh l< 1969 jif¾ ^óg jir 50 lg fmr& wm rfÜ rka mjqï 1 l ñ, re' 160 ls' fmd,a f.ähl ñ, Y; 25 ls' ÈkñK mqj;amf;a ñ, Y; 20 ls' yd,a fiarejl ñ, re 1'20 ls' fï wkqj tod rka mjqul ñ, re 160 ls' wo rka mjqul ñ, re 55000 ls' fï wkqj tod remsh,a 1 l ñ, wo remsh,a 343 lska jeäh' ta wkqj j¾;udk úhou Tng iei¢h yelsh'

fï ;rï úYd, uqo,la f,dal ck;dj ^iuyr rgj,& l=i.skafka miq fjoa§ weußldkq rch wNHjldY$ i| .uka i|yd úhoï lsÍu udkj ys;jd§ fkdjk nj iuyre mji;s' kuq;a weußldkq rch wdrlaIl lghq;= i|yd óg jvd uqo,la jeh lr;s' weußldkq ck;dj u;ameka yd ÿï mdkh i|yd jirlg óg jeä uqo,la jeh lr;s'

* i| .uk ^wemf,da 11& ls‍%hd;aul jQ whqre

iegßka 5 frdfldÜgqj ^wÜgd,h iys;& ls‍%hdldÍ;ajh wkqj m‍%Odk jYfhka fldgia 5 lg fnÈh yelsh'

tys 1 wÈhr ^m<uq fldgi& wdrïNl wjia:dfõ .=re;ajdl¾IKfhka ñ§ fgdka 2700 muK nr frdfldÜgqj Wvq .=jkg hEu i|yd Wvql=re f;rmqula ,eîug mehg ie;mqï 2500 l muK fõ.fhka Wv hEug wjYH fõ' ta i|yd tkaðka 5 l ls‍%hdldÍ;ajfhka o%j bkaOk oefõ'

Bg miq fojeks fldgi mK .ekaù ..k.dóka" Wmdx. iys; y| fj; .uka lrk fldgi .=re;ajdl¾IKfhka ñ§ wNHjldY .; fõ' ta iu.Û m<uq fldgi .e,ù hhs' ^th wNHjldYfha N‍%uKh jk wmo%jHhla njg m;a fõ'&

Bg miq fojeks fldgi o%j Tlaiscka yd yhsv‍%cka oykh lr úYd, n,hla ,ndf.k hdkh wNHjldY.; ù pkao%hd fj;g .uka lrhs'

Bg miq f;jeks fldgi pkao%dl¾IKhg ,la ù pkao%hd jgd N‍%uKh ùug o%j Tlaiscka yd yhsv‍%cka oeù ;jÿrg;a n,h ,nd .kS'

mD:súfha isg i|g wNHjldYfha .=re;ajdl¾IKh yd pkao% wdl¾IKh fkdue;s fldgfia fõ.fhka .uka lsÍu isÿjkafka bkaOk oykhlska f;drjh'

f;jeks fldgi ls‍%hd lrk úg wlS‍%h jQ 2 jeks fldgi frdfldÜgqfjka bj;a ù wNHjldYhg tla fõ'

Bg miq i| fj; ujq hdkh ^fldf,dïìhd&" pkao% hdkh ^B.,a - rdcd,shd& tlg iïnkaO ù pkao%hd jgd N‍%uKh jk w;r" fuu ujq hdkfha ..k.dóka ;sfokd miq fõ'

Bg miq ujq hdkfhka pkao% hdkhg wdïiafg%daka yd tÙúka ´,aä‍%ka w.,a 32 È. yd m<, w.,a 18 l=yrhla yryd we;=¿ ù ish¨u iaúÉ mÍlaId lrkq ,eîh' pkao% hdkfha iaúÉ 566 la we;' úÿ,s myka 71 ls' hdka;s‍%l WmlrK 24 ls' rEmjdysks leurd$ .=jkaúÿ,s ix{d WmlrKj,ska hqla;h'

Bg miq i| jgd ujq hdkh ;=< uhsl,a fld,Ska kshuq f,i ls‍%hd lr N‍%uKh lrk w;r pkao% hdkh ujq hdkfhka .e,ù i| u;g m;s; úh' pkao% hdkh i| u;g m;s; jkúg tys iajhxldÍ f,i ls‍%hd lrk mdo y;r È. yeÍ" i| u; tu mdo ;nkq ,efí' fuu ish,a, isÿjkafka yqiagka md,l ueÈßfhka ,efnk f¾äfhda mKsúv yd ÿria: md,lj, ls‍%hdldÍ;ajh yrydh'

pkao% hdkfha mdoj,g iïnkaO bksu.la we;' pkao%hd u;g m;s; jQ pkao% hdkh ;=< isg tys ish¨ ls‍%hdldÍ;ajhka ksis f,i isÿjkafka oehs ..k.dóka fofokd ;jÿrg;a mÍlaId lrkq ,efí' tu pkao% hdkfha o ;j;a hdka;s‍%l fldgila ^o%j Tlaiscka yd yhsv‍%cka we;s& we;'

kS,a wdïiafg%daka bksu.Û Èf.a wdrlaIl we÷ï me,|f.k" i| u;g cQ,s 21 fm'j' 8'26 g udkj jxY l;dfõ úYd, ch.‍%yKhla ,nd foñka md ;eîh' Bg úkdä 30 lg miq tÙúka ´,aä‍%ka pkao%hd u; md ;eîh'

kS,a wdïiafg%dka i| u; md ;eîfuka miq Wodk jdlHhla fufia m‍%ldY lf<a f,dal ck;dj wu;ñks' fuh ñksid úiska i| u; ;nk ,o tla mshjrla muKs' tfy;a th il, ukqIH ixy;sh úiska mkskq ,enQ fhdaO mshjrls' fï jkúg pkao%hdg ie;mqï 7 by<ska uhsl,a fld,Ska ujq hdkh pkao%hd jgd N‍%uKh lrñka kshuq ls‍%hdldÍ;ajfha fhfoñka isáfhah'

* ..k.dóka i| ;rKh lsÍfuka miq l< ls‍%hd

kS,a wdïiafg%daka úiska m<uqj weußldkq Och i| u; iúlrk ,§' i| u;=msg iajNdjh" i| u; we;s wdjdg wdÈh .ek o if|a isg mD:súh fmfkk wdldrh .eko úia;r rEmjdyskS o¾Yk u.ska ixjdo iys;j yqiagka md,l ueÈßhg tjk ,§' ta wjia:dfõ fuu ..k.dóka olsk foa yd mjik foa" o¾Yk" weußldkq rEmjdysksh yd .=jkaúÿ,sh u.skao frdhsg¾ mqj;a fiajh u.ska o iÔùj f,djg úldYkh lrk ,§' fuu wNsudkj;a wjia:dj f,dj fldaá ixLHd; ck;dj mS‍%;sfhka kerUQy' weiQy'

kS,a wdïiafg%daka y| u; lrk foa tÙúka ´,aä‍%ka úiska rEmjdyskS leurdj ls‍%hd;aul lr f,djg fmkaùh'

yf|a .=re;ajdl¾IKh fmdf<dfõ .=re;ajdl¾IKh fuka 1$6 ls' fï wkqj fmdf<dfõ wä 2 la Wv mksk ñksil=g yf|a u;=msg§ wä 12 Wv mekSug yelsh' ta wjia:d kS,a wdïiafg%daka ukq f,dj isák ck;djg wNsudkj;aj fmkaùh'

Bg miq wNHjldY ;rKfha§ ñh.sh weußldkq ..k.dóka 3 fokl=f.a yd reishka ..k.dóka 2 fokl=f.a molalï iys; iure M,lh i| u; iúlrk ,§' f,dalfha rgj,a 142 l cd;sl fldä i| u;=msg iúlrk ,§' YS‍% ,xld cd;sl fldäh o i| u; iúlsÍu wm rgg l< W;=ï .re lsÍuls' Bg miq pkao%hd u; NQp,k udmlhla o" f,ai¾ ógrhla ^fmdf<dj yd i| w;r ÿr$ ks;r fjkia ùu n,d .ekSug& iúlrk ,§' mdál,a laf,ag¾ hka;‍%hla iúlrk ,oafoa if|a we;s jd; yd mdIdK wxYqka$ ÿú,s wOHhkh lsÍu i|ydh'

óg wu;rj m‍%Odk ld¾hh jQfha if|a u;=msg lsysm ia:dkhlska" i| mia rd;a;,a 20 la /f.k tauh' ta i|yd úfYaI Ndckhla Ndú;d lrk ,§' i| u; úkdä 20 la weúo mia tl;= lrk ,§' Bg miq kej; pkao% hdkh ;=< meh 7 la ksodf.k" tys§ fofõ,la lEu ld we;' Bg miq pkao% hdkh ;=<g ù fodrgq jid .kakd ,§'

Bg miq pkao% hdkfha frdlgh mK .kajd ^mD:sú md,l ueÈßfha Wmfoia mßÈ ish¨ hdka;s‍%l ls‍%hdldÍ;ajhka mÍlaId lr& pkao% wdldYhg msúi" pkao%hd jgd N‍%uKh jQ ujq hdkhg iïnkaO ù kej; mD:súh lrd .uka wrUk ,§' kej; pkao% hdkfhka ..k.dóka fofokd ujq hdkhg msúiqK miq pkao% hdkh wjldYhg uqod yßk ,§'

wemf,da "" mD:súfha isg pkao%hd fj; .uka lsÍu" wdmiq meñ”u oelafjk igyk

1 flfkä ;=vqfjka ieg¾ka 5 wyia.; ùu' 2 mD:súhg ;sia wgla by<ska ieg¾ka 5 Tijk hka;‍%h bj;a lsÍu' 3 frdlÜgqj mD:súh jgd .uka lrjk fojk wekaðu ls‍%hd;aul lsÍu' 4 pkao%hd n,d .uka weröu 5 frdlÜgqfõ fojk wekaðu .e,ù hEu' 6 pkao% llaIhg hdkh we;=¿ ùu' 7 hdkh pkao%hd fj; .uka lsÍu' 8 ujq hdkfhka pkao% hdkh fjka ùu' 9 pkao% hdkh i| u; m;s; ùu' 10 ujq hdkh i| jgd N‍%uKh lsÍu' 11 pkao% hdkh i| u;ska bj;a ù ujq hdkh lrd meñKSu' 12 pkao% hdkh yd ujq hdkh tlaùu" pkao% hdkfha isák i| .dñka ujq hdkhg we;=¿ ùu' fmdf<dj lrd .uka weröu' 13 pkao% hdkh ujq hdkfhka bj;a ùu' 14 ujq hdkh mD:súh lrd meñ”u' 15 mD:sú jdhqf.da,hg hdkh we;=¿ ùfï§ .skshï ùu' 16 wemf,da "" hdkh w;a,ka;sla id.rhg m;s; ùu'

Bg miq fmdf<dj u; w;a,dka;sla id.rhg 1969 cQ,s 24 od rd;s‍% 10'19 g ujq hdkh m;s; úh' fyda¾kÜ fk!ldfõ fy<sfldmag¾ hdkd u.ska ksremo%s;j ùr ..k.dóka ;sfokd yqiagka wNHjldY uOHia:dkhg úfYaI l=áhla ;=< r|jdf.k tk ,§' i;shla mqrd tu wdrlaIl l=áh ;=< r|jd i| u; we;s la‍Iqo% Ôù$ whym;a foa YÍr .; ù we;aoehs úfYaI ffjoH mÍlaIKhlg fhduq lrk ,§'

fï w;r mD:súhg meñKs i| ;rKh l< ùrhka ;sfokd weußldkq ckdêm;s ßp¾Ù kslaikaf.a m‍%Odk;ajfhka uq,skau rdclSh f.!rj iys;j" fldaá ixLHd; ck;djf.a ch f>daId ueo ms<s.kakd ,§' ish¨u rgj, rdcH kdhlhka yd tjlg YS‍% ,xld w.ue;sks isßudfjda nKavdrkdhl ue;sksh o i|.dó ùrhkag iqn me;=y'

* i| mia mÍlaId lsÍu

YS‍% ,dxlsl úoHd{hl= jQ ^.d,a, wef,daishia úÿyf,a wdÈ YsIH& weußldfõ le,sf*dakshdfõ taïia úoHd m¾fhaIKd.drfha Ôj ridhk úoHd wxYfha m‍%Odks uydpd¾h isß,a fmdkakïfmreu uy;d úiska i| u;=msáka /f.k wd mia mÍlaId lsÍu isÿ lrk ,§' fuu i| miaj, mßKduh" Ôùka ìys lsÍug yels ridhksl o%jH ;sfí o úfYaI la‍Iqo% Ôùka" ffjria nelaàßhd j¾. ;sfí o wd§ úúO mÍlaIK rdYshla" úoHd{hka 100 muK w;r mia idïm, fnod yßk ,§'

* i| .ukska ñksidg ,enqK m‍%fhdack

f,dj úúO wNHjldY m¾fhaIK isÿ lsÍfuka ;drld úoHdfõ úoHd;aul m‍%.;shla ,nd we;' úfYaIfhka pkao%.dókaf.a$ wcgdldY.dókaf.a frdfldÜgqj ;=<§ reêr iamkaokh" YÍr WIaK;ajh" úúO Ydßßl f.dÿreùï yg .kakd frda.dndO y÷kd .ekSug úfYaI WmlrK Ndú;d lrk ,§' ta ;=<ska frda.Skaf.a ffjoH m¾fhaIK i|yd Ndú;d jk ialEkska hka;‍%h f,dj ìys úh' wNHjldYfha rEmjdysks yd ld,.=K pkao%sld N‍%uKh ùug ie,eiaùu ksid mD:súh mqrd rEmjdyskS cd;Hka;r kd<sld úldYkh lsÍug myiq ù we;' ld,.=K wkdjels l,a;shd oek .ekSug yels ù we;' .=jka .ukaj, wk;=re je<elaùug ^f¾vd¾ yd úÿ,s ix{d ksjerÈj blaukska ,nd§ug& yelshdj ,eî we;' pkao%sld u.ska mD:súh iïnkaO PqdhdrEm ,nd§fï§ id.r u;aiH iïm; jeäfhka we;s ia:dk oek .ekSug yelsh' th ëjr l¾udka;fha ÈhqKqjg fya;= ù we;' wka;¾cd;sl jYfhka mKsúv yqjudrej" cx.u ÿrl:k" úúO mß.Kl u.ska isÿjk fiajd j¾;udkfha ÈhqKq ù we;af;a wNHjldY úoHdfõ kj fidhd .ekSïj, m‍%;sM,hla f,ih'


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bÈß ckdêm;sjrKh i|yd wud;H ið;a fma%uodi fyda rdcmlaIjreka n,hg f.k tau i|yd iyfhda.h ,nd fkdfok f,i ysgmq

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úfrdaodr yQkka f.a we;a; l;dj

iudc udOH Ndú; lrkakka w;ßka we;eful= fuu kï lsÍu oeä f,i úfõpkh lr ;snQ w;r

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tcdm ksfhdacH kdhl ið;a" md,u ;sìh§ taoKafâ .sh yeá

tlai;a cd;sl mlaI ksfhdacH kdhl ið;a fma%uodi uy;d j,iauq,a," ng.iai m%foaYfha wÆ;ska

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w.‍%dud;H rks,a úC%uisxy uy;d úiska wr,sh.y ukaÈrfha§ Bfha rd;s‍%fha ,ndÿka fNdack ix.‍%yhg Bfha ud;r mej;s

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tys§ YS‍% ,xld fmdÿck ;reK fmruqfKa fk¿ï m‍%ldYkh ckdêm;s OQr wfmala‍Il

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wk;=frka Ôú;laIhg m;ajqfKa l=vdTh hqo yuqod ludkafvda mqyqKq mdif,a n,,;a ks,OdÍ

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